Edited by Annabelle Sreberny and Massoumeh Torfeh
a draconian system of surveillance and control,
Iranians are used to state interference in their cultural lives and censorship. Under the Pahlavi regime the state controlled broadcasting, the privately-owned press was censored and SAVAK was active in universities and work-places.
. The state spends a big budget on ideological maintenance and its public presence.
However, the period under Ahmadinejad (from 2005 on) has seen a profound return to political and religious conservatism. Strict rules about public comportment include mandatory hijab (Islamic covering for women), clothing rules for men and the prohibition of displays of public affection. There is a ban on the recording of the female voice, women have been excluded from over 70 degree subjects in the 2012 academic year and control over the travel of single women up to age 40 is being imposed. DISCRIMINARE
Femeile nu se sufoca vara cu asa haine?
Creativity and digital adepts
Iranians travel in and out of the country and are keenly aware of international trends, helped by the range of new television channels such as BBC Persian Television, Farsi One and Manoto TV and their culture and technology programmes, soap operas and films. Iran has a highly youthful population (approximately 70 per cent of the population is under 35) but comparatively limited leisure facilities. Hence many of the approximately 30 per cent who have access to the internet and to global cultural production have also become digitally adept, sourcing, producing and distributing content across a range of platforms and avoiding regime surveillance by hacking, filter-breaking and using personal privacy systems like TOR.
There are of course long and rich traditions of musical and artistic creativity from which contemporary artists can draw.
Today, 70 per cent of Iran’s population is under the age of 30. Many of these young people were born during or right after the Iranian revolution, and are thus, very literally, children of the revolution. Urban young adults who comprise almost two-thirds of Iran’s population are highly mobile, highly educated (84 per cent of young Tehranis are currently enrolled in university or are university graduates with 65 per cent of these graduates being women) and underemployed (there is a 35 per cent unemployment rate among this age group). Many of these young people are highly dissatisfied with the current regime and are using their social behaviours and comportment to resist what they view as a repressive government.
am incercat sa le inteleg cultura care …
de mica echivalam cultura islamica cu DISCRIMINAREA